Bringing the Past Alive...

Reproduction Manuscripts

We have many reproduction manuscripts for display or educational purposes. Our manuscripts are all hand made to order and suit university and college displays and are suitable to give students an understanding of how many ancient manuscripts would have appeared allowing them to handle these with out risking damage to the originals. 

If you have an original in your university or college collection that you would like a reproduction made, contact us for details. 


Reproduction Manuscripts made to order.

We can make reproductions of many papyrus manuscripts for educational or study purposes.

We have made reproduction manuscripts for the Papyrologist conference at the University of Basel.

We also have access to many Biblical reproductions including reproductions of some of the Dead Sea Scroll manuscripts,

 so if you are looking for something in particular contact us for details.

Dead Sea Scroll Palm Pen

A wooden pen was found in a scroll jar in Kando's shop along with other items from the Dead Sea Scrolls. This type was made from the stalk of a palm branch It has a natural channel along its length that holds some of the ink and the tip is sharpened much like a reed pen or quill. This was the only pen found related to the scrolls. This pen can be resharpened again and again and is suitable for writing or display.

$8.95AUD plus P&H

"Virgil" Scroll

A reproduction of Virgils Aeneis - Book II on a papyrus scroll with wooden spindle and ID tag called a "sillybos". 

This scroll is made of real papyrus and has a partial latin text of Virgils writings that can be displayed as a rolled up text or an open text.

It is rolled on a wooden spindle.

$99.95AUD plus P&H

Papyrus double scroll

A blank papyrus scroll on double wooden spindles.

280mm wide x 400mm long.

$49.95AUD plus P&H SOLD OUT of STOCK

Book of Revelation Scroll

 A reproduction of the Scroll of Revelation chapter 5. A papyrus scroll with 7 seals. This scroll has no text and is a display item only. The scrolls each have a seal impression of a Lion.

The scroll is 450mm long.

$89.95AUD plus P&H REVSCROLL7B

Scroll with Three Seals

This is a reproduction of a papyrus scroll found in Egypt dated to around the time of Jeremiah. The papyrus scroll has been rolled and then folded so as to create a secure seal which is then tied and sealed by three witnesses. The seals are applied over part of the knot so that the scroll cannot be tampered with, without breaking the seals. The ties are also entwined within the scroll so that they cannot be easily slipped off the end of the scroll. The seals are all impressed with various seal impressions (not necessarily those in the image).

This items is purely a display model only. There is no text within the papyrus scroll and the seals are as examples only. This item has been buried and excavated to give the look of an ancient scroll...... what a great display and teaching aid!
Scroll made from genuine Egyptian papyrus, with cast seal impressions made from originals from the Old Testament period. The scroll is approximately 125mm (5 inches) long in folded form. Each item will vary slightly from the photo as each is handmade.

$39.95AUD plus P&H Quote PS3S1

Papyrus Folded Scroll and Seal

Another display model. A reproduction of a papyrus scroll found in Egypt wrapped and sealed with a clay bulla and seal impression. The scroll is designed around an original from the late period (Early Ptolemaic). All these scrolls are individually made and each vary slightly in appearance. The seal impression is used as an example only. Designed for educational display purposes.

$39.95AUD plus P&H Quote PS1S2

Folded Papyrus Marriage Contract with Seal

Elephantine 409 BC

This is a reproduction of how a Hebrew Aramaic Text contract would have looked of the period. The contract would have been written, rolled, flattened, the folded in three, tied with cord and sealed with clay and the owners seal impression.

The manuscript will be aged to look ancient. No inner text. 

$39.95AUD plus P&H

Aged Manuscripts - Props or Display

Ancient Manuscript Display DB1

A replica Egyptian scroll with text and two seal impressions.

Suitable for display or theatre/movie prop.

$69.95AUD plus P&H

Ancient Manuscript Display DL2

A replica Egyptian scroll with text and multiple seal impressions based on an original found in Egypt.

Suitable for display or theatre/movie prop.

$69.95AUD plus P&H

Papyrus P1

This was one of the first manuscripts found by Grenfell and Hunt at Oxyrhynchus in Egypt. This site has become a treasure trove of ancient manuscripts.

P1 is dated to 3rd Century AD and contains Matthew 1:1-9, 12 & 13, 14 - 20. It contains a number of Nomina Sacra. 

$89.95AUD plus P&H OUT of STOCK

Papyrus P OXY 5342 - Philemon *NEW*

This is a small fragment of a New Testament manuscript found at Oxyrhynchus by Grenfell and Hunt.

It is dated 4th century AD and is contemp[orary with our oldest NT parchment manuscripts such as Codex Vaticannus and Sinaiticus.

It contains text from Philemon 6-8 and 18-20. 

It is about the size of a postage stamp at 3.3 x 4.9mm showing both sides individually.

It was written using carbon ink.

This reproduction on real papyrus contains both sides of the fragment on two seperate pieces.

$69.95AUD plus P&H

Papyrus P103 - P OXY4403 - Matthew *NEW*

This is a small fragment of a codex containing an early copy of the Gospel of Matthew (Matt 13: 55 - 56; 14: 3 - 5)

It has been dated late 2nd to early 3rd century. It was found at Oxyrhynchus in Egypt.

It is Alexandrian text type and could have been within a codex that also contained P77. 

65mm x 45mm Showing both sides individually.

$79.95AUD plus P&H

Papyrus P45

A page from papyrus P45, a fragmentary 30 page codex containing the Gospels, Acts and Catholic Epistles.

This fragmented page has Luke 13:29 - 14:10.

Dated c 250AD it is written in Greek.

$89.95AUD plus P&H

Papyrus P46

A page from an Epistle of Paul the collection known as P46. Dated from 175 - 225 AD this is one of the earliest attested copies of Pauls Epistles. 

The manuscript originally contained 104 leaves of which 86 remain. This reproduction is a page that contains the last line of the book of Romans and the

start of the book of Hebrews. 

$89.95AUD plus P&H

How to store or display your reproduction manuscripts?

We supply all our reproduction manuscripts on a mountable backing sheet that helps with framing your manuscript.

'However if you wish to handle the items or use them in a class situation we have semi-rigid "Toploader" display sleeves 

available. These are $5.00AUD extra per manuscript.

Please request these at time of ordering.

Papyrus P72

A codex containing New Testament Jude, 1 Peter and 2 Peter. Dated to 200-225AD. 

1 Peter 5:12 - end and 2 Peter 1:1 - 5 on facing page. The original small codex contained other apocryphal texts

and appears to have been written for personal use rather than a public copy for reading in a group or congregational setting.

This reproduction contains the 2 pages shown on aged papyrus.

$89.95AUD plus P&H

Papyrus P75

This was called the most significant New Testament manuscript until recently as it has remarkable similarities to the 4th century Codex Vatican's

but written in 175-225AD. It originally contained 144 pages of which 102 remain. It contains about half of the Gospels of Luke and John

and attests to being the earliest copy of the Gospel of Luke.

This reproduction contains the end of Luke and the beginning of John.

$89.95AUD plus P&H

Papyrus Fouad Reproduction- Septuagint #266 


The Papyrus Fouad #266 is a fragment of a series of papyrus scrolls found in the Fayyum in Egypt. It is dated to the first century BC and contains sections of the Greek Old Testament known as the Septuagint (LXX) and is the second oldest LXX in existence

This fragment is important because of the use of the Tetragrammaton or the Divine name which is written in ancient Hebrew among the Greek text. It appears the writer wrote the Greek text first while leaving the space for the Tetragrammaton which was written in later. This section contains some of the most perfect LXX text of Deuteronomy that we have. The text was originally written on scrolls of which we have 117 fragments left.

This is a handmade reproduction on papyrus, and is laminated for ease of handling. The papyrus group is approx 7 x 4 inches.

$59.95AUD Plus P&H Quote FOUADL1


 Our new reproductions are made using a new ageing process, to make them look ancient.

PLEASE NOTE: These manuscripts are shipped without mounts or frames. If you wish to have a mount supplied for framing or if you wish to have your manuscript laminated please request at time of order.

Papyrus P64 Reproduction

In the late 1800s, Charles Huleatt, who studied Egyptology, purchased three small fragments of papyrus that were found in Upper Egypt which he then subsequently bequeathed to  Magdalen College, Oxford, in 1901. 

The three segments contain the text of Matthew's Gospel in Greek, Chapter 26, verses 23 and 31.  There are a total of 24 lines, text on both sides. (This indicates that they were most likely from a Codex rather than a scroll as scrolls were generally written on one side while a codex used both sides not unlike the pages of a modern book).

In 1953, Colin Roberts, a British papyrologist, claimed that these papyrus fragments were probably from the late second century A.D but it would be 40 years later that persistence and newer technology would reveal that these three small fragments are apparently the oldest New Testament manuscripts in existence, contemporaneous with the Apostles themselves and other eye witnesses!

In 1994, Dr. Carsten Peter Thiede, Director of the Institute of Basic Epistemological Research in Paderborn, Germany, used a scanning laser microscope to more carefully examine these fragments, "P.Magdalen Greek 17/P64," as they are formally designated.

A scanning laser microscope can now differentiate between the twenty micrometer (millionth of a meter) layers of papyrus, measuring the height and depth of the ink, and can even determine the angle of the stylus used by the scribe. Dr. Thiede compared the fragments with four other known references: a manuscript from Qumran, dated to 58 A.D.; one from the Herculaneum, dated prior to 79 A.D.; one from Masada, dated between 73-74 A.D.; and one from the Egyptian town of Oxyrhynchus, dated 65-66 A.D. He astounded the scholastic world by concluding that the Magdalen fragments were either an original from Matthew's Gospel, or a direct copy, written while Matthew and the other disciples and other eye witnesses were still alive! 

This tiny manuscript has been nicknamed ?The Jesus Papyrus?.

(This is a reproduction of the Recto side of the manuscript)


While it must be acknowledged that Thiede has a bit of a sensational flair,7 the evidence which he presents is 
reasonable and uses much more advanced technology and should not be so quickly dismissed. Some of Thiede?s critics, including Stanton, hold the belief that the gospels were not verbally inspired by the Holy Spirit, but formed through an editorial process by the early church using a hypothetical text of Jesus? sayings they call Q.8 Such critics cannot escape the fact that if they accept a first century date for a surviving gospel manuscript their liberal theories crumble.9 This cannot avoid colouring their appraisal of Thiede?s dating.

$45.95AUD plus P&H Quote P64R1

 Available laminated for ease of handling or unlaminated if you intend to frame.

Papyrus P39


( POXY 1780) Reproduction

A reproduction of a papyrus fragment from the Gospel of John (John 8:14-22) now the second oldest copy of a fragment of Johns Gospel after Bodmer III P75. It is a full height half segment of a page from the gospel written in a large Greek hand, and by the quality of the text obviously by a professional scribe. It comes from what was a paginated codex on papyrus and dates to c200AD. It was found along with the huge cache of papyrii at Oxyrhynchus in Egypt by Grenfell and Hunt and is classified as one of the moist beautiful gospel texts fragments ever found.

This hand made reproduction shows both sides of the single fragment on two separate pieces of papyrus. This reproduction is available with a backing sheet for framing or laminated at request. Please request at time of your order.


235mm(H) x 70mm (W) each fragment. (9 x 2 3/4 inches)

$89.95AUD plus P&H QUOTE PAP P39

Egyptian Parallel to the Ten Plagues

The Ten Plagues Text 1.

The original was found most likely in the neighborhood of the Pyramids of Saqqara or Memphis in Egypt, it was bought by the Museum of Leiden in the Netherlands in 1822. The original Papyrus is written on both sides, the story of Ipuwer is written on the front while a song to one of the gods is written on the back. The text is Hieratic, the writing of the scribes that  developed from the Hieroglyphic text. It is made up of 17 pages many pages being damaged to some extent but the predominant part of the text is translatable. 

It tells of a horrific national disaster in which chaos rules the land.  There was violence and death and many unusual phenomena.

 It is thought to be the writings of a sage who directs his complaints against a ruler who has neglected to take action and secure his people.

 Both the Ipuwer Papyrus and the Biblical book of Exodus describe a frantic search for water, the loss of fish and plagues of cattle, destruction of crops and vegetation, fire from the sky, darkness, the escape of slaves and death is everywhere. There are too many similarities among the two texts to discount them as coincidental, leading renown historian Immanuel Velikovsky to write his interpretation of the events amongst the greater history of Israel and Egypt.

 This reproduction is based on the Ipuwer story, and is of one page only. It is written on papyrus from Egypt that has been aged to resemble the original. The papyrus is 260 x 150mm (10 x 6 inches). The papyrus is supplied unlaminated unless otherwise requested.

$89.95AUD plus P&H


A second page of the Ten Plagues Manuscript. This page is highly detailed on aged papyrus from Egypt with black and red letter text. 280 x 200mm approx.

$89.95AUD plus P&H.

Nash Papyrus reproduction

This is a reproduction of the Nash papyrus on aged real papyrus. Before the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls, the Nash Papyrus was the oldest Biblical text extant apart of the Ketef Hinnom Silver Scrolls. It contains the Shema "The Lord our God is one..." and the Ten Commandments.

It was dated to 100- 150BC.

John Trevor used the palaeography of the Nash Papyrus to date the Isaiah Scroll when it was discovered.

$44.95AUD plus P&H


This is a reproduction based on the Nag Hammadi Codices created to give a glimpse into how one of the original Gospel codices MAY have looked like.

It contains one quire of ten leaves, 20 pages based on an original but NOT a direct facsimile of it.

It has old papyrus manuscripts inside the bindings as stiffeners that are exposed to show how bookbinding was most likely performed in the late 1st or early second century. The pages are all papyrus and the covers are leather. The codex is made to look ancient and will arrive heavily weathered to look as if it has been stored in a jar for 2000 years.

This is designed as a display teaching tool.


Rhind Mathematical Papyrus

A reproduction of a page of the Rhinds Mathematical papyrus a treatise in ancient Egyptian mathematics.

Dated c1550BC, to the second Intermediate Period it was written by a scribe from an earlier text dated to the 12th dynasty.

It is written in the Hieratic script. 

The original scroll which is 16' long shows us a lot on how the ancient Egyptians used mathematics. 

Approximately A4 size. 

$89.95AUD plus P&H

Euclid's Elements Manuscript Oxyrhynchus 29

A papyrus fragment found at Oxyrhynchus in Egypt. It is a fragment of Euclid's second book (5th preposition)  with an unlabelled drawing and was found by Grenfell and Hunt in 1895. It could be dated as early as 75 - 125AD.

"If a straight line be cut into equal and unequal segments, the rectangle contained by the unequal segments of the whole together with the square on the straight line between the points of section is equal to the square on the half."

$79.95AUD plus P&H

Herodotus P Oxy 2099 Early 2nd Century AD

A papyrus fragment found at the Egyptian town of Oxyrhynchus dated to the early 2nd century AD. It contains part of Book VIII.

Herodotus lived in the 5th century BC in Bodrum in modern day Turkey. He was contemporary with Thucydides, Socrates and Euripides.

He was later called the Father of History due to the fact that he changed the aspect of recording of historic events by creating them

in an investigative process. He records some of the Greco-Persian wars being our major source of information on these events.

He also recorded information on Egyptian history much of it again as our source, yet his sources are considered unreliable.

Approx 90mm sq.

$69.95AUD plus P&H

Papyrus P OXY 20 - Homers Iliad

Three of 12 segments of a fragmentary papyrus of Homer's Iliad found at Oxyrhynchus in Egypt by Grenfell and Hunt.

It is part of the second book of the Iliad (730 - 828).

The Iliad was originally written in scroll format, being that it was written on one side only in a Greek Uncial script and rolled.

On the other side various accounts were later written in a cursive script, likely indicating that the original text was reused at the later date.

The cursive text is dated to late second or early third century while the Homeric text is earlier. 

$89.95AUD plus P&H

Nag Hammadi Page Reproduction

A reproduction of 2 pages from the Nag Hammadi Codices. A title and body page on real aged papyrus.

For display purposes. Each page is approx 275mm high. One sided.

$99.95AUD plus P&H

Gospel of Philip Reproduction

A reproduction of a page from the Gnostic Gospel of Philip.

Thi sis the page that some scholars used to argue that Jesus was married to Mary Magdalene. The text says: "Jesus kissed Mary......."but the page has lacunae or holes after these words so we do not know where Jesus kissed Mary. 

It was a custom to greet close friends with a kiss, so His kissing Mary is no surprise but one cannot read beyond the text into a special relationship as Jesus also greeted his disciples with a kiss.

$75.95AUD plus P&H

Nag Hammadi Codex reproduction

It has many features that exist in the earliest book bindings we have available, namely the Nag Hammadi Codices, and give us a fairly conclusive look into how writings such as the letters of Paul and maybe those of the disciples would have appeared in format as they were circulated across the Christian world of the time.


This reproduction has the following features used in the original:

· Full leather bindings and ties

· Old papyrus manuscripts used for stiffening in the covers.

(These papyrus stiffeners have been intentionally exposed as if the leather cover pieces had been torn away)

· One full quire of text

(This example is based loosely on the Gospel of Thomas - but note the heading of the Gospel of Thomas is in fact at the end of the text, called a ?colophon?, not the start as in modern texts - the lead heading is from the Apocryphon of John which was the previous text that was subsequently removed in an imaginary sense in this reproduction).

· The cover is bound with a wrap band as well as ties on top and bottom. These codices were used for sending as personal letters to churches and groups and were distributed either by personal messengers or with merchants and were tied so as to form a secure binding not unlike an envelope. Each of the thirteen codices found at Nag Hammadi have slightly different characteristics in their bindings.

·   The text is Coptic much of which in this reproduction is handwritten.

· The papyrus pages and covers have been ?aged? to resemble these ancient documents

$199.95AUD plus P&H QUOTE NAGHAM1


 Note: These manuscripts are made to order. Please allow 4 weeks for us to make one for you.


Early Medieval Frieze Panel

A large casting of a 13th/14th century frieze depicting 3 peasant workers in seperate panels. 

450 x 350 x 50mm

For thousands of years making has used the surfaces of buildings to depict imagery of widely varying design,

from simple geometric patterns to images of warriors and kings, but during the Medieval period scenes of everyday life were often 

depicted not only on the walls of building but also in illuminated manuscripts.

This scene is from the 13/14th century.

This would look great as a backing display with a collection of period manuscripts.

$99.95AUD plus P&H - Australia Only.

Writing Tools

Medieval Wax Tablet - Novgorod

This is a reproduction of an inscribed wax tablet from Medieval Novgorod in present day Russia.

Wax tablets were used in the region from the 8th to the 14th centuries and were often inscribed on the outer cover.

The famous Novgorod Codex discovered in 2000 is dated to the 11th century with writing still present in the almost 1000 year old wax

and is the oldest known slavic text in the form of a prayer.

$69.95AUD plus P&H

Medieval Horn Wax Tablet

This is a small wax tablet made from horn in a leather fitted case with stylus.

105 x 55 x 5mm.

$49.95AUD plus P&H

Vindolanda Pen #1

At the series of Forts on Hadrians Wall known as Vindolanda many artefacts have survived due to the wet anaerobic conditions of the soil. These conditions meant that oxygen was not present and preservation of items such as wood, leather and some textiles has been found. Many wooden tablets have been found with carbon based ink text written on them, preserved for almost 2000 years. 

This is one of the types of metal tipped pens that were used to write on the thin wooden tablets. 

It is a straight barrel iron tipped pen.

 Pen only. $32.95AUD plus P&H

Vindolanda Pen #2

At the series of Forts on Hadrians Wall known as Vindolanda many artefacts have survived due to the wet anaerobic conditions of the soil. These conditions meant that oxygen was not present and preservation of items such as wood, leather and some textiles has been found. Many wooden tablets have been found with carbon based ink text written on them, preserved for almost 2000 years. 

This is one of the types of metal tipped pens that were used to write on the thin wooden tablets. 

It is a spiral barrel iron tipped pen.

Pen only. $32.95AUD plus P&H

Roman Inkwell

Replica Roman Inkwell - Black Glazed Gaulish Samianware style.

Available in two formats:

"Aged Inscribed" inscribed with original owners name as found 1st-3rd century AD.

$19.95AUD plus P&H Order#RI/I 

"New" Black glazed as originally made.

$29.95AUD plus P&H Order#RI/O 

Size 50mmH x 58mmW approx

Facsimile Bible Pages

Gutenberg Bible Page

A facsimile of a Gutenberg Bible page, the original printed and illuminated on parchment.
390 x 285mm printed on quality heavy card. Ready for framing. Johns Gospel.



 Martin Luther's New Testament 1529

 A facsimile page of Martins Luther's Bible - New Testament with woodcut block initial.
145 x 100m.




Torah Scroll Section on Parchment 200 years old European Ashkenazi

This is a Hebrew Torah Scroll section that survived WWII.
It is 445mm x 1130mm
It is parchment with Ashkenazi Hebrew Text of the Hebrew Torah.
It is two sections sewn together. 
See images as they are part of the description.

$250.00AUD plus P&H

The Great Bible page 1569

This is a folio size page from a Great Bible printed in 1569 by Myles Coverdale under the commission of Thomas Cromwell.

The Great Bible was authorises by Henry VIII to be read aloud in church services in the Church of England.

It was a woodcut capitalised letter.

This page shows some of the processes that were used in early printing such as the printed letter "A" next to the large woodcut to indicate where the woodcut A was to go. The first word of the next page was always printed at the bottom of this page so that helpers who assisted the bookbinders (who were sometimes illiterate) could help compile the pages for binding. They has to make sure the single word at the bottom of every page matched the first word of the paragraph of the next page. Note on this page it is the word "God". 

300 x 190mm handlaid paper.

$39.95AUD plus P&H SOLD

Bishops Bible Page - 1578 - Christopher Barker

The Bishops Bible was produced under the authority of the Church of England in 1560 as an attempt to place its control  over the already existent Geneva Bible but then revised in 1572 and again in 1578.

It later was used as a base text for the King James Version in 1611.

Page: Genesis Ch 31 - 32 Jacobs prayer 

Printed on hand laid paper. 

305 x 215mm Original COA supplied.

$39.95AUD plus P&H SOLD

Geneva "Breeches" Bible Page - 1595 - Christopher Barker

A New Testament page from a 1595 Geneva Bible in a rare Folio size. 

Printed on handled paper in a Black Letter Gothic text.

1 Peter 2:10 - 3:22

300 x 200mm

$39.95AUD plus P&H

Geneva Bible Page 1607

Another folio size page from Deuteronomy 26.

Printed on handled paper in 1607 only a few years before the King James Version.

320 x 205mm

$29.95AUD plus P&H SOLD

Incunabula - St Thomas Aquinas, Opuscula 1498.

An incunabula is a printed text made in the first 50 years after the invention of the printing press.

It is a demonstration of the transition from manuscripts that were handwitten to the early replacement by machine printed pages.

This is a rare example of a medieval printing printed by Bonetus Locatellus Bergomensis in Venice in 1498.

An Opuscula is a small minor work.

Thomas of Aquinas was a philosopher and theologian 1226 - 1274.

This page is printed on hand laid paper with a woodcut capital and written in Latin.

305 x 210mm

$39.95AUD plus P&H

Book of Hours page

1480AD on fine vellum


Thuis is a page from a German Book of Hours written in Latin on very fine vellum. 

It is dated to 1480AD and is written with iron gall ink. 

Text on both sides. 160 x 110mm.

$120.00AUD plus P&H

Hebrew Manuscript #1

From a Genizah in Yemen.

This is a tiny handwritten hHebrew text written on hand laid paper.

It comes from a Genizah in Yemen and was part of a collection from a scholar in Jerusalem.

Early 1700s.

50 x 20mm.

$34.95AUD plus P&H

Hebrew Manuscript #2

From a Genizah in Yemen.

This is a small handwritten hHebrew text written on hand laid paper.

It comes from a Genizah in Yemen and was part of a collection from a scholar in Jerusalem.

Early 1700s.

100 x 35mm

$39.95AUD plus P&H

Hebrew Manuscript #3

Bookbinding Fragment.

This is a large handwritten hHebrew text written on hand laid paper.

It comes from the bindings of another book and was part of a collection from a scholar in Jerusalem.

Many times in the past old manuscripts are used to strengthen the bindings of later books.

When a book is being rebound these much older manuscripts are then discovered.

Early 1700s.

230 x 150mm.

$99.95AUD plus P&H

Coptic Page with Nomina Sacra

This is a handwritten Coptic liturgical text written on hand laid paper with various Nomina Sacra.

A Nomina Sacra is an abbreviated text of various holy names such as God, Jesus and so forth.

This page comes with a description from its previous owner on the page and word divisions as well 

as the Nomina Sacra. 

This text comes from Egypt c1800s.

165 x 115mm

$49.95AUD plus P&H 

Ethiopian Page on Parchment

This is a large handwritten manuscript written on goatskin parchment in the Ethiopian text of Ge'ez which is used for all liturgical texts.

It is dated c1800. You can clearly see what was the hair side and what was the flesh side. Holy names are written in red. 

You can see where the scribe has marked lines in the parchment with pin pricks and column divisions. 

A nice example of scribal processes.

$89.95AUD plus P&H

Would you like to know more about
reading ancient manuscripts?

Click HERE to go to the University of Michigan's online tutor and learn all about the P46 the earliest of Paul's Epistles.
A fascinating resource....
Want to learn more about ancient manuscripts?
Go to our History of Writing page and see our new file entitled:
"The Stickiness of a Manuscript"
learn about what a manuscript can tell you even before you start translating the text.